The Water Cycle


Oceans cover three-quarters of the earth’s surface. From these vast reservoirs, water rises into the sky through evaporation, leaving behind salt in the process. It then collects into clouds which, carried by the winds, precipitate on the land in the form of rain, snow, hail, sleet, fog, and dew. The Water Cycle, also known as the Hydrologic Cycle, includes many mechanisms for both evaporation and return to the ocean as shown in the diagram below.

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Water Sources & Typical Treatment


Our water is obtained from surface water (streams, river, and reservoirs) and groundwater (wells). To assure that water quality meets regulatory requirements and is protective of human health, it must be treated using various processes. Typical treatment processes depend on whether the source water is surface water or groundwater.   

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Guides & Tips


Does your bill seem unusually high? Think you might have a leak? We're here to help.

Mulch, Mulch, Mulch!

Use at least two inches of organic mulch around plants to reduce evaporation.

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Don't Water the Yard During the Day

Water the lawn, plants and flowers in the morning or late evening when it's cooler, and never water when it's windy.

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Thaw Without Hot Water

Think ahead! Don't use water to defrost frozen foods. Instead, leave them in the fridge overnight. It saves water, and it's safer, too.

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